Gramachree Molly

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X:1 T:Gramachree Molly S:John Greenwood Manuscript #30, N.Y. Historical Society M:C L:1/16 Q:1/2=70 K:G G2 | d3ed3B e3fg3e | dB3AB3 G2AB cdef | gaba gfed| cBcd efgc | B3c A4 G4 z2 d2 | d3ed3B e3fg3e | dB3 A3B G4 d2 ef | gf3g3a g2f2e2d2 | e3dg3B d4 z2 d2 | g3fg3a g2f2e2d2 | e3dc3B e6 f2 | g3f e2d2 e3f g3e | dB3 A3B G2AB cdef | gfed edcB |edef g3c | B3c A4 G4 z2 :|

GRAMACHREE MOLLY (Grad Mo Croide a Maire). AKA and see "Harp that Once (The) (through Tara's Hall (The)," "Molly Asthore," "Will you go to Flanders," "Little Molly O!," "Gramachree," "Gradh mo chroidhe," "Maid in Bedlam," "Winter Hill Troop." Irish, Slow Air (4/4 time). G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). One part. 'Gramachree' is an Englished version of the Irish "Gra Mo Croi" (Graidh mo chroidhe), or 'love of my heart.' The song "Gramachree Molly" was originally composed by a young Irishman, George Ogle, when he was in his early 20's (it was the second song written to the tune). Bruce Olson finds that it first appears with the tune in The London Magazine, of Sept. 1774, proved popular, and soon thereafter appears in many songbooks, printed with and without the tune. A fife setting of the tune appears in the John Greenwood Manuscript from the post-Revolutionary period (now kept at the New York Historical Society), and it appears as "Winter Hill Troop, or Gramachree Molly" in the c. 1776-78 music copybook of Framningham, Ct., fifer Thomas Nixon Jr. Greenwood had been a fifer in the Revolution and later became dentist to George Washington, while Nixon was a 13 year old lad when he went to war with his father to Lexington and Concord. The air also appeared in Crotch's Specimens of various styles of music referred to in a Course of Lectures read at Oxford and London, and adapted to keyed instruments by W. Crotch, Mus. Doc., Prof. Mus. Oxon. Crotch, who was Principal of the Royal Academy of Music (London) from 1823-1832 delivered lectures on various types of national music from 1800-1804 and 1820, and had them bound in three volumes, familiarly referred to as "Crotch's Specimens". The Irish "specimens", including this tune, are contained in volume 1.

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Johnson (Scots Musical Museum, vol. 1), 1787; No. 46. O'Flannagan (The Hibernia Collection), Boston, 1860; p. 35. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 524, p. 91.

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