Annotation:Jack of Diamonds (3)

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X:1 T: Jack of Diamonds [3] N:From the playing of fiddler Ernie Carpenter (1909-1997, Braxton County, N:W.Va.), M:3/4 L:1/8 R:Air N:AEae tuning (fiddle) Q:"'Brisk, not fast" N:Play ABCC'BBCC'BBCC' D:AHR- , Ernie Carpenter - "Old Time Fiddle Tunes from the Elk River Country" (1986) D: Z:Transcribed by Andrew Kuntz K:A P:A AB |c2[e2e2][e2e2]|+slide+cB A2 AB|c2[e2e2][e2e2]|+slide+c2- cB AB| c2[e2e2][e2e2]|+slide+cB A2 AF|[E2A2][F2A2][A2A2]|[A4A4]|| P:B S[AA][AA]|:[C2E2][CE][CE] [A,F]-[A,A]|[A,2E2] [C2E2]-[A,2E2]-| [A,2A2] -[E2A2] AA |[Be]-[ce]- [ce][Be]- [ce][ce]| [B2e2][A2e2][A2e2]|F2-E2 [CE][CE]|[A,2E2](F2[A2A2])|[A4A4][AA][AA]:| P:C |:[ce]-[ee] "+"e2"+"e2|{B}[ce]-[Be] [A2e2][Ae][Ae]|[ce]-[ee] "+"e2"+"e2|[c2e2]-[ce][Be] [Ae][Be]| [ce]-[ee] "+"e2"+"e2|{B}[ce]-[Be] [A2e2][Ae][Ae]|[E2A2][FA][AA][A2A2]|1[A2A2]-[A,2A2][Ae][Be]:|2[A2A2]-[A,2A2]S||

JACK OF DIAMONDS [3]. AKA and see "Rye Whiskey (1)," "Drunken Hiccups (1)," "My Name is Dick Kelly," "Waltz of Jericho." American, Fiddle Piece (3/4 time). USA; central West Virginia, western North Carolina, Alabama. A Major. DGdg (Harvey Sampson), AEac# (J.P. Fraley) or AEae (Ernie Carpenter) tunings {fiddle}. This old tune (which often goes by the name "Rye Whiskey" or "Drunken Hiccoughs" in the South and Midwest) has been often used as a song tune as well as an instrumental piece. The 'Jack of Diamonds' title comes from one of the lines in the song, as sung by North Carolina fiddler Tommy Jarrell:

I eat when I'm hungry and I drink when I'm dry,
If I get feeling much higher I'm gonna sprout wings and fly.
Jack of Diamonds, Jack of Diamonds, I know you from old,
You have robbed my poor pockets of silver and gold.

Bayard (1981) thinks the vocal set preceded the instrumental versions (see notes for "Drunken Hiccups (1))." North Carolina fiddler Tommy Jarrell learned the tune from his father, Ben Jarrell (who recorded it in 1927), who had it from a renowned 19th century fiddler named Houston Galyean, "which seems to date (the tune) back at least to the Civil War days" (Richard Nevins). The tune can be heard played by the band in the bar room scene of Walter Hill's 1980 film The Long Riders. Alabama fiddler Fonza Smith, whose hey-day was in the first half of the 20th century, called the tune "Waltz of Jericho." See also the related duple-time "Cuckoo (5) (The)" and the Irish antecedent "My Name is Dick Kelly."

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - Ernie Carpenter (W.Va.) [Milliner & Koken]

Printed sources : - Milliner & Koken (Milliner-Koken Collection of American Fiddle Tunes), 2011; p. 325.

Recorded sources : - Augusta Heritage Recordings AHR-004C, Harvey Sampson and the Big Possum String Band – "Flat Foot in the Ashes" (1986/1994. Learned by Calhoun County, W.Va., fiddler Harvey Sampson from his father). Augusta Heritage Recordings AHR-023, Ernie Carpenter – "Old-Time Fiddle Tunes from the Elk River Country" (2001). County 723, Cockerham, Jenkins, and Jarrell – "Back Home in the Blue Ridge." County 790, Leftwich & Higginbotham – "No One to Bring Home Tonight" (1984).

See also listing at :
Hear W.Va. fiddler Ernie Carpenter's 1986 recording at Slippery Hill [1]
Hear J.P. Fraley's (Denton, Ky.) version at Slippery Hill [2]

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