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KILLARNEY (Cill-Airne). Irish, Slow Air (4/4 time). D Major (Roche): G Major (O'Neill). Standard tuning (fiddle). One part (Roche): AB (O'Neill). A compositin by Balfe. The town of Killarney can be found in west Kerry, southern Ireland, and its name means 'the cell among the sloe trees' (referring to a monastary or other religious site). O'Neill was criticized in some traditional circles for his inclusion of several of Balfe's compositions in his Music of Ireland, on the grounds that "Balfe's music...was not Irish, even if he was," though it is evident O'Neill thought highly of this particular melody (O'Neill, 1913). The Irish-American uilleann piper Patsy Touhey, regarded by O'Neill as the best piper of his day (the turn of the twentieth century) recorded the melody on an Ediphone cylinder.

Source for notated version:

Printed sources: O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 498, p. 87. Roche (Collection of Traditional Irish Musci, vol. 1), 1912; No. 26, p. 14.

Recorded sources:

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