Annotation:Lady Montgomery's Reel (1)

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X:1 T:Lady Mary Montgomries's Reel [1] N:Reel with same name appears in Robert Mackintosh's four collections of 1783-1803. [1] M:C| L:1/8 R:reel B:Complete Tutor Violin (c. 1815) Z:Dr. Evan Jones [Ed.], 2005 K:C c2 (cG) EFGE | c2 (cA) Bcde | c2 (cG) EFGE | Dddc Bcde :|| ccgc ec g2 | ccgc efga | ccgc ecgc | fedc Bcde | ccgc ecge | ccgf efga | gefd ecdB | cAGE Ddde |]

LADY MONTGOMERY('S REEL) [1]. AKA and see "Cuddy's Fancy," "Guiry's Reel," "Mickey by the Fireside," "Miss Montgomery's." AKA - "Lady Mary Montgomrie's Reel," "Montgomerie's Rant," "Phelim's Frolic/Phelim's Frolics." English, Scottish (originally), Irish; Reel. D Major (Alexander, Cole/Ryan, Kennedy, Offord): B Flat Major (Athole, Honeyman, Hunter, Kerr, Lowe, Martin & Hughes, Skye, Surenne, Thompson, Wilson): C Major (Cranford/Fitzgerald, Jones). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Surenne): AAB (most versions): AABB (Cole): AABB' (Martin & Hughes).

Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton. By John Singleton Copley

The reel was composed by Colonel Hugh Montgomerie (1749-1819), and is frequently the vehicle for the dance "The Montgomerie Rant" (having either replaced "Lord Eglintoune" or positioned first in the medley). Paul Cooper[1]finds the tune was "tremendously popular in London between about 1805 and 1815, it was published many times and is known to have featured at numerous balls." In fact, notes Cooper, the dance and tune seems to have initially been popular in London society events and publications prior to its publication Edinburgh by Nathaniel Gow in Part Fourth of the Complete Repository of Original Scots Slow Strathspeys and Dances (1817). The earliest publication Cooper found was in Charles Wheatstone's 2nd Number (c. 1804).

Montgomerie was an interesting character--an amateur but talented Scots cellist, fiddler and composer[2] who loved his native music, he was "singularly tongue-tied" and had trouble expressing himself in words. Serving in the English army in the American campaigns, he became the 12th Earl of Eglintoun, and was elected Member of Parliament for Ayrshire. "He took over the Eglinton policies with a grand conception of his role as laird, instituted many improvements, maintained a splendid stable and fine equipages, and appointed a family piper" (Emmerson, 1971). Poet Robert Burns dubbed him 'Sodger Hugh'. The title of the reel is sometimes given as "Lady Mary Montgomery," who was the daughter of General Archibald Montgomery (c. 1756-1796), 11th Earl of Eglinton. In a confusion of military Montgomeries, Lady Mary (1787-1848) married a cousin, Major General Archibald Montgomerie (of Coylsfield), Lord Montgomerie, who was the son of tune composer Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton, Baron Ardrossan.

Gow (1817) directs "Slow, with expression." The English dance band Muddy York plays a 'G' chord for the first six measures of the 'A' part for variety. The alternate title "Cuddy's Fancy" comes from W.A. Cocks collection. One of the oddest appearances of the tune is on the barrel organ from the polar expedition of Admiral Parry of 1819. In place of a ship's fiddler (common in those days), Parry introduced a mechanical barrel organ on board ship to provide entertainment and a vehicle to which the men could exercise (i.e. by dancing). "Lady Montgomery's Reel" was one of eight tunes on barrel no. 4.

New York musician, writer and researcher Don Meade says the tune was recorded in the key of 'C' by Donegal fiddler Hughie Gillespie in New York in the 78 RPM era, and later by Andy McGann, Joe Burke and Felix Dolan under the title "Phelim's Frolic" on the "Tribute to Michael Coleman" recording. Paul Cranford (1997) remarks that Cape Breton fiddler Johnny Wilmot had an Irish variant in the key of D with a third tune in the related minor. See also the related "Rising Sun (3) (The)" and the P.W. Joyce's "Guiry's Reel." Fiddler Hugh Gillespie [2] (1906-1986), an immigrant to New York from County Donegal, recorded a version in 1938 under the title "Miss Montgomery's."

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - Winston Fitzgerald (1914-1987, Cape Breton) [Cranford]; Matthew Betham music manuscript collection (1815, Towcett, Cumbria) [Offord].

Printed sources : - Alexander (Alexander’s Fifty New Scotch & Irish Reels & Hornpipes), c. 1826; No. 28, p. 14. Anderson (Anderson's Budget of Strathspeys, Reels & Country Dances), c. 1820; p. 14. Cole (1000 Fiddle Tunes), 1940; p. 11. Cranford (Winston Fitzgerald), 1997; No. 116, p. 47. Gow (Complete Repository, Part 4), 1817; p. 15. Henderson (Flowers of Scottish Melody), 1935. Honeyman (Strathspey, Reel and Hornpipe Tutor), 1898; p. 28. Hunter (Fiddle Music of Scotland), 1988; No. 268. Jones [ed.] (Complete Tutor Violin), c. 1815; p. 3. Kennedy (Traditional Dance Music of Britain and Ireland: Reels and Rants), 1997; No. 97, p. 24. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 1), c. 1880; Set 27, No. 4, p. 17. Joseph Lowe (Lowe's Collection of Reels, Strathspeys and Jigs, book 4), 1844–1845; p. 17. MacDonald (The Skye Collection), 1887; p. 125. Martin & Hughes (Ho-ro-gheallaigh), 1990; p. 13. John Offord (Bonny Cumberland), 2018; pp. 13 & 37. Ryan's Mammoth Collection, 1883; p. 35. Stewart-Robertson (The Athole Collection), 1884; p. 278. Surenne (Dance Music of Scotland), 1852; p. 5. Henry Thompson (Thompson’s Twenty Four Country Dances for the Year 1805), London, p. 9. Wilson (Companion to the Ball Room), 1816; p. 63.

Recorded sources : - BOOT 7244, Muddy York – "Scatter the Ashes" (Canadian variant). Culburnie Records CUL 121D, Alasdair Fraser & Natalie Haas – "Fire and Grace" (2004). Green Linnet SIF 1077, Capercaillie – "Crosswinds" (1987). Saydisc SDL 234, Parry's Barrel Organ (vol. 11 in the Golden Age of Mechanical Music).

See also listing at :
Alan Snyder's Cape Breton Fiddle Recordings Index [3]
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [4]
Alan Ng's [5]
Paul Cooper, Paper 36, "Programme for a Second Royal Ball, 1813", 2019, [6].

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  1. Paul Cooper, Paper 36, "Programme for a Second Royal Ball, 1813", 2019, [7].
  2. Best known for his "Ayrshire Lasses".