Annotation:Old Towler

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X:1 T:Old Towler M:6/8 L:1/8 R:Air B:James Aird – Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 5 B:(Glasgow, 1797, No. 24, p. 9) Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:D A|d2d B2G|F2G A2=c|B2d ^ceg|f3-f2A| d2d f2d|B2B e2d|c2c BAB|A2z z2:|| A|e2c A2A|f2d A2A|c2d g2f|e3-e2A|A^GA Bcd| ef=g afd|B2e d2c|d3 zDF|A3A3|Ad2-d2A| AFA AFA|Ad2-d2A/c/|e3 e3|ea2-a2e|ece ece| eg2-g2 a/g/|fdz zzf|fdz zzf|eAz zzA|dff dfz| d2z d2z|dff dff|fa2z z(A/4G/4F/4E/4)|DG2F2B|A2g f2d| e2e cBc|d3g3|f2f ede|a3 Tg3|f2f ede|d2z z2||

OLD TOWLER. AKA - "Fleet Ringwood," "Old Towler." English, Scottish; March or Jig. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AB. A song, "Old Towler: A Celebrated Hunting Song for the Piano Forte," also called "Old Jowler" was written by John O'Keefe and composed by William Shield (1748-1829), first published in the early 1790's. Shield was Master of the King's Music in 1817. Moffat and Kidson (1900) explain:--

William Shield

Shield wished O'Keefe to write a hunting bravura in order that he himself might write a composition to suit Mrs. Matyr's peculiar staccato style of singing. "Old Towler" (originally "Fleet Ringwood") was the result. Mrs. Matyr first sang the song in O'Keeffe's opera, The Czar, acted at Covent Garden in 1790, but Incledon afterwards took over the song, and made it a great success. It was he who made the alteration from Ringwood to Towler. O'Keeffe, in some doggerel rhymes, alludes to this as follows:--

And Shield, thou soul of harmony,
A hunting song composed for me.
The dawn proclaimed by chanticleer,
Who saw The Czar my song might hear;
But Incledon my song he sing would,
'Old Towler leads the cry'--not Ringwood.

"Old Towler" was adopted as a military march by the 53rd Foot (Light Infantry) in 1881. The name Old Jowler/Towler has long been associated with canines, especially those breeds with jowls, like beagles. For example, Lydia Maria Child's (1802-1880) familiar elementary school song entitled "The New England Boy's Song about Thanksgiving Day" (better known to us as "Over the River and Through the Woods"), has the lines:

Over the river, and through the wood-
Old Jowler hears our bells;
He shakes his pow,
With a loud bow wow,
And thus the news he tells.

William Makepeace Thackery's burlesque The Tremendous Adventures of Major Gahagan, gives the name Jowler to the regimental Colonel of Major Goliah O'Grady Gahagan, presumably for the comic association. "Old Towler" was the regimental march of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry. The melody was in the repertoire of Gloucestershire fiddler Stephen Baldwin (1873-1955).

Additional notes
Source for notated version : - the 1823-26 music mss. of papermaker and musician Joshua Gibbons (1778-1871, of Tealby, near Market Rasen, Lincolnshire Wolds) [Sumner].

Printed sources : - Aird (Selection of Scotch, English, Irish and Foreign Airs, vol. 5), Glasgow, 1797; No. 24, p. 9. Colclough (Tutor for the Irish Union Pipes), c. 1830; p. 17. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 3), c. 1880's; No. 400, p. 44. Laybourn (Köhler's Violin Repository, Book One), 1881, p. 63. Moffat & Kidson (English Songs of the Georgian Period), 1900; p. 17. O'Farrell (Pocket Companion, vol. III), c. 1808; p. 54. Edward Riley (Riley's Flute Melodies vol. 2), New York, 1817; No. 34, p. 10. Sumner (Lincolnshire Collections, vol. 1: The Joshua Gibbons Manuscript), 1997; pp. 44-45 (appears as "Old Towler," set in the key of F major for two instruments).

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