Scotch Cap (The)
X: 1 T:Scotch Cap. (p)1651.PLFD1.089 T:Edinburgh Castle. (p)1651.PLFD1.089 M:6/4 L:1/4 Q:3/4=90 S:Playford, Dancing Master,1st Ed.,1651. O:England;London H:1651. Z:Chris Partington. F:http://www.john-chambers.us/~jc/music/book/Playford/Scotch_Cap_1651_PLFD1_089_CP.abc K:Ddor D2 D d2 d|e2 d c2 A|B2 e B2 G|1B3 d3:|2B3d2| |:d/e/|f2 A A2 d/e/|f2 A A2 d/e/|f2 A A2 F|A3 d3| B2 B A2 F|G2 G d2 d|B2 B A F2|1E3D2:|2E3 D3:|
SCOTCH CAP, THE. AKA and see "Edinburgh Castle (2)." Scottish, English; Country Dance Tune (6/4 or 6/8 time). D Dorian. Standard tuning (fiddle). ABB (Sharp): AABB (Karpeles, Raven): AA'BB' (Barnes). The melody was published with directions for a country dance by London publisher John Playford in the first edition of English Dancing Master (1651) and was retained in all subsequent editions of the Dancing Master through the 10th edition of 1698. Commencing with the 4th edition of 1670 it appeared with the alternate title "Edinburgh Castle (1)." Williamson suggests the title might refer to a nightcap or last drink prior to retiring, otherwise he believes the composer would have referred to the Scottish head gear as a bonnet. Most believe the title refers to the once-ubiquitous head covering called the Scotch bonnet. In a later era he Illustrated London Magazine  mentioned the Scotch Cap when describing the garb of prisoners in the mid-19th century: "All here wear the prison dress, which consists of a Scotch cap, jacket and trousers. Each prisoner is obliged to pick two pounds of oakum, as it is called, a day."
- R.B. Knowles, Illustrated London Magazine, October, 1853, p. 158.