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X:1 T:Tekeli M:6/8 L:1/8 B:Goulding & Co. – Twenty Four Country Dances for the Year 1808 (London) N:”With proper Tune & Directions to each Dance (as they may be N:performed at Court, Bath, and all Public Assemblys.” Z:Transcribed and edited by Fynn Titford-Mock Z:abcs’s:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:C G|c2c cBc|A2c G2c|GAB cde|f2d B2G| c2c cBc|A2c G2c|GAB cde|fdB c3:|| c2d [c3e3]|efe d2c|{e}d2c {e}d2c|{e}d2c {e}d2e| c2d [c3e3]|efe d2c|d2c d2e|d3 c2||

TEKELY. AKA - "Tekeli." AKA and see "Paddy Carey (1)." English, Jig or March (6/8 time). F Major (Kershaw): C Major (Goulding, Howe): G Major (Cahusac). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Howe): AABB (Cahusac, Kershaw). Tekeli, the Siege of Mongate (1806) was a operatic work for the theatre by Norwich-born organist and composer wikipedia:James Hook (1746-1827), very popular in the early 19th century, although not a lasting work. The work was produced in three forms; a three-act or two-act melodrama, or a burletta with songs. This march or jig began to appear in musicians’ manuscripts and published collections beginning in 1806, from both sides of the Atlantic, spelled variously as “Tekeli,” “Takele,” “Tekely,” “Tekeele,” etc. The title references the village of Tekeli near Kladovo, Kazakhstan, now part of Serbia.

In America it can be found in the music manuscript collections of Abel Shattuck (begun in 1801), fifer Joseph Hooves (begun in 1800, New Ipswich, Mass.), fiddler George White (begun 1790, Cherry Valley, N.Y.), and pianist Ann Winnington (c. 1810, New York). American published collections of the era that contain the tune are Willig’s Collection of Popular Country Dances, vol. 1 (Philadelphia, 1812), Edward Riley’s Flute Melodies (New York, 1814), James Hulbert’s Complete Fifer’s Museum (Greenfield, Mass., 1811), and Henry Moore’s Merrimack Collection of Instrumental and Martial Musick, vol. 1 (Concord, 1833).

English manuscripts that contain the melody are from Shropshire, Dorset and Sussex where the tune sometimes is called "A Favourite Pandean Dance." The tune is in the Hardy MSS under the title "Pandean Dance in Tekeli", and it was entered into the Welch MSS of 1800. Dance instructions were printed in London dancing master Thomas Willson's Wilson's Treasures of Terpsichore (1809). Jamie Knowles remarks that the tune survived as a Merry-go-round tune at Southport Fairground until Victorian days. "Tekeli" was included in the music manuscript of Joseph Kershaw, a 19th century fiddler who lived in Slackcote, Saddleworth, North West England, whose manuscript dates from around 1820 onwards. See “Quick Step in Tekeli” for another melody from that work.

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Anderson (Anderson's Budget of Strathspeys, Reels & Country Dances), c. 1820; p. 16. Ball (The Gentleman’s Amusement, Book 3), 1815; p. 1. William Cahusac (The German Flute Preceptor), c. 1814; p. 14. Howe (Complete Preceptor for the Accordeon), 1843; p. 25. Goulding (Twenty Four Country Dances for the Year 1808), 1808; No. 20. Knowles (The Joseph Kershaw Manuscript), 1993; No. 20. Lee's Collection of Country Dances for the Present Year, c. 1810.

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