Waynesburgh

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WAYNESBURGH. AKA - "Waynesboro." AKA and see “Green Meadow (1),” “Over the Moor to Maggie (2),” “Willow Tree (5).” Old Time, Breakdown. USA; Kentucky, West Virginia. G Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Silberberg): ABB (Titon): AABB (Phillips, Songer). An American version of the Irish reel perhaps known best as “Over the Moor to Maggie (2).” The tune was popularized by Kentucky fiddler Doc Roberts, who attributed his version (learned from his brother Liebert) to African-American fiddler Owen Walker, a source of many of Roberts’ tunes. The tune is most often seen as “Waynesboro,” and Waynesburg is the name of towns in both Kentucky and Ohio (Jeff Titon {2001} also finds Waynesburghs in Illinois, Georgia, Mississippi, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Virginia). Titon finds that the tune was played by five different fiddlers at the 1919 and 1920 Berea, Kentucky, fiddle contests, making it one of the most popular tunes of the contests. It was in the repertoire of West Virginia fiddler Edden Hammons [1] (1874 -1955). Mike Yates (2001) points out that some of Edden's ancestors came originally from Knox and Whitley Counties in eastern Kentucky, not too far from Madison County, and he speculates that some of the Hammons family tunes may have originated in that part of the mountains. Mike also says, “Darley Faulks (b.1895), yet another eastern Kentucky fiddle-player, commented that his version ofWaynesboro, which he called Andrew Jackson (possibly after General Andrew Jackson 1767 - 1845, seventh President of the USA), had been played by both his grandfather and uncle, and that the tune was well-known long be[[fore Doc Roberts made his recording.” Wolfe County, Kentucky, fiddler Darley Fulks' reel "Andrew Jackson" is a version of "Waynesburgh." See also the related tunes "Ladies in the Ballroom (1)," "Coming Down from Denver," "Gerald's Favorite," "Here and There (2)," "Long John." See also the related part of “Billy in Waynesboro,” recorded by Mike Seegar and Alan Jabbour.

Source for notated version: Bartow Riley [Phillips]; Armin Barnett (Seattle, Washington) [Songer]; Doc Roberts (Ky.) [Titon]; Tony Mates [Silberberg].

Printed sources: Phillips (Traditional American Fiddle Tunes, vol. 1), 1994; p. 263. Silberberg (Tunes I Learned at Tractor Tavern), 2002; p. 166. Songer (Portland Collection), 1997; p. 208. Titon (Old Time Kentucky Fiddle Tunes), 2001; No. 164, p. 190.

Recorded sources: County 703, Bartow Riley – “Texas Hoedown” (1965). Davis Unlimited DU 33015, “Fiddlin’ Doc Roberts” (c. 1975). Gennett 6257 or 13042 (78 RPM), Doc Roberts (1927. Learned when a young man from his brother Liebert). Heritage XXXIII, Dave Spilkia "Visits" (1981. Learned from Doc Roberts' recording). Rounder 0193, Rodney Miller "Airplang" (1985). Rounder CD0262, Mike Seeger - "Fresh Oldtime String Band Music" (1988. Appears as part of "Billy in Waynesboro). Edden Hammons Collection I.

See also listings at:
Jane Keefer’s Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]
Hear Alan Jabbour and Ken Perlman play Edden Hammon's version on youtube.com [3], and hear Allan Jabbour at the Digital Library of Appalachia [4]
See Austin Rogers' standard notation transcription of Doc Roberts' version [5] and his own version [6]
See Dwight Diller's banjo tab [7] (No. 9, p. 23)
Hear Walter McNew's version at the Digital Library of Appalachia [8]
Hear John Masters' version at the Digital Library of Appalachia [9]
Hear Doc Roberts' 1927 recording at Slippery Hill [10]




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