COPENHAGEN WALTZ. English, Scottish, American; Waltz (3/4 or 3/8 time). G Major (O'Farrell, Raven): C Major (Howe/Accordeon, Linscott, Plain Brown): D Major (Ashman, Howe/Diamond, Kennedy, Kerr, Miller, Plain Brown, Sumner). Standard tuning. ABC (Plain Brown): AABBC (Howe/Accordeon): AABBCC (most versions). "('Copenhagen Waltz' is a) ...melody characteristic of the 18th century, says Linscott, although in fact it was a quite popular tune dating from the beginnings of the fad for waltzes in the early part of the 19th century. The melody appears in numerous fiddlers' manuscripts throughout the 19th century and was even collected in tradition as late as the 1950's, in Yorkshire (the fiddle playing of Billy Pennock, recorded in 1953 by PK Goathland).
Sources for notated versions: a c. 1837-1840 MS by Shropshire musician John Moore [Ashman]; the 1823-26 music ms. of papermaker and musician Joshua Gibbons (1778-1871, of Tealby, near Market Rasen, Lincolnshire Wolds) [Sumner].
Printed sources: Ashman (The Ironbridge Hornpipe), 1991; No. 34, p. 11. Howe (Complete Preceptor for the Accordeon), 1843; p. 22. Howe (Diamond School for the Violin), c. 1861. Kennedy (Fiddler's Tune-Book: Slip Jigs and Waltzes), 1999; No. 110, p. 26. Kerr (Merry Melodies), vol. 1; No. 9, pg. 51. Linscott (Folk Songs of Old New England), 1939; p. 119. Miller (Fiddler's Throne), 2004; No. 365, p. 215. O'Farrell (Pocket Companion, vol. IV), c. 1810; p. 141. Plain Brown Tune Book, 1997; pp. 6 & 23 (includes variations). Raven (English Country Dance Tunes), 1984; p. 134. Sumner (Lincolnshire Collections, vol. 1: The Joshua Gibbons Manuscript), 1997; p. 79 (originally set in the key of 'C' major in the ms.). Wilson (Companion to the Ballroom), 1816; p. 152.
Recorded source: BEJOCD-28, The Mellstock Band - "The Dance at Pheonix: Village Band Music from Hardy's Wessex and Beyond" (based on a three-part setting in a book compiled by Joshua Gibbons of Market Rasen in the 1830's).
X:1 T:Copenhagen Waltz L:1/8 M:3/4 S:Elias Howe - Diamond School for the Violin Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:D fa|gb fa eg|fa d2 fa|eg A2 ce|df A2 fa|gb fa eg|fa d2 fa|eg A2ce|d4:| |:fa|eg A2 ce|df A2fa|eg A2 ce|df A2 fa|gb fa eg|fa d2 fa|eg A2 ce|d4:| |:a2|b2a2f2|d4 a2|b2a2f2|e4 a2|b2a2f2|dcdfaf|agfgec|d4:||
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