CREEK NATION. Old-Time, Breakdown. USA, Oklahoma. C Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB (Thede): AA'BB' (Phillips). Marion Thede (1967): "The Creek Indians formerly owned land and farmed in the States along the Gulf of Mexico before their removal in 1832 to the Indian Territories in what is now the state of Oklahoma. As the Creek Nation they conducted their own government under the protectorate of the United States." Thede reported her source, fiddler Claude Keenan, said it was tradition among Oklahoma fiddlers that this tune was one formed on a Creek song used on the "Trail of Tears" when the Creeks were forcibly removed from their southeastern homelands to territory in Oklahoma.
Sources for notated versions: Claude Keenan (Oklahoma County, Oklahoma) [Thede]; Tom Carter & Tom Sauber [Phillips].
Printed sources: Phillips (Traditional American Fiddle Tunes), vol. 1, 1994; p. 60. Thede (The Fiddle Book), 1967; p. 30.
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