Crop the Croppies
CROP THE CROPPIES. English, Country Dance Tune (2/4 time). D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The title is a reference to the slang term (croppies) for the rebellious peasant population of Ireland, largely Catholic, who, at the time the tune was published by Preston in 1798 were in the midst of a serious uprising against English rule. They were aided in their efforts by the French, who were then at war with England. Anne Gilchrist, in her article "Old Fiddlers' Tune Books of the Georgian Period" (JEFDSS, vol. 4, No. 1, Dec. 1940, p. 21), writes:
"Crop the Croppies" is a lively country-dance tune which has evidently been associated with some political song about the Irish Rebellion of 1798. "Croppy" or "Croppy Boy" was a name given to the rebels by the loyalists, and the title may refer to a barbarous practice (of which I read somewhere) of capping the rebels' heads, when they were caught, with a pitch helmet and cropping their locks below its edge. Another "Croppy" song , to the tune of "Down, derry, down," had a chorus of "Down, down, Croppies lie Down!" This was once rashly played by a morris-dancers' band as the morris-men danced their way through the Irish quarter of a Lancashire town. As soon as the irish heard the haed tune they fell upon the morris-dancers, and a terrific fracas ensued, in which the offenders had to retreat with torn clothes, broken instruments and broken heads. (There was also a counter-blast called "Croppies, get up again!).
Source for notated version: the 1823-26 music mss of papermaker and musician Joshua Gibbons (1778-1871, of Tealby, near Market Rasen, Lincolnshire Wolds) [Sumner].
Printed source: Preston (Preston's Twenty Four Country Dances for the Year 1798), 1798. Sumner (Lincolnshire Collections, vol. 1: The Joshua Gibbons Manuscript), 1997; p. 27.
X:1 T:Crop the Croppers M:C| L:1/8 R:Country Dance B:Preston's Twenty Four Country Dances for the Year 1798 Z:AK/Fiddler's Companion K:F fcAc fcAc|fgef g2g2|fgab bagf|efge f2f2:| |:c2 cA c2 cA|dcBA B2G2|B2 BG B2 Bd|cBAG F2F2:|]
X:2 T:Crop the Croppies, 2 voices. JGi.183 M:2/4 L:1/8 Q:1/4=120 S:Joshua Gibbons MS,1823,Tealby,Lincs. R:march O:Tealby,Lincolnshire Z:VMP/R.Greig, 2009 K:F [V:1]|:fcAc|fcAc|fcfa|f2e2|ffga|bagf|ecde|f2f2:| [V:2]|:F,2CA,|F,2CA,|F,2A,2|C2CB,|A,2F,2|G,A,B,B,|C2C,2|F,2F,,2:| [V:1]|:c2cA|c2cA|dc BA|B2G2|B2BG|B2BG|cBAG|B2F2:| [V:2]|:F,CA,C|F,CF,C|^F,DA,D|G,DB,D|G,DB,D|F,DB,D|E,CG,C|F,CA,C:|
X:3 T:Crop the Croppies TS.130 M:C| L:1/8 Q:1/2=70 S:Thomas Sands' MS,1810,Lincolnshire R:reel N:Similar to version in Gibbons MS O:Lincolnshire Z:vmp.Ruairidh Greig, 2011 K:F f>cA>c f>cA>c|(fg)ef g2g2|f>ga>a bagf|e>fg>ef2f2:|! |:c2cA c2cA|dcBA B2G2|B2BGB2BG|cBAGA2F2:|]
X:4 T:Crop the Croppies M:C| L:1/8 R:Country Dance S: : Gilchrist "Old Fiddlers' Tune Books of the Georgian Period" (JEFDSS, vol. 4, No. 1, Dec. 1940, p. 21) N:from the Carlisle MS (c. 1810) K:G B>dB>d g>dB>d|g>af>g a2a2|g>ab>g c'>ba>g|f>ga>f g2g2:|| d2 d>B d2 d>B|e>dc>B c2A2|c2 c>A c2 c>g|d>cB>A G2 G,2||
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