Annotation:Devil Among the Tailors (1) (The)

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X:1 T:Deils among the Taylors [1], The M:C L:1/8 R:Reel B:Robert Petrie – Third Collection of Strathspey Reels (p. 18) N:Dedicated to Francis Garden Esq. Junior of Troup by N:Robert Petrie at Kirkmichael. Z:AK/Fiddler’s Companion K:A a2 eg a2 eg|a2 ea {f}d2 dc|dfBf dfBf|dfBf {a}g2fe| a2 eg a2eg|a2 ea {f}e2 dc|defd ecBA|E2G2A4|| ceAe ceAe|ceAe {f}d2 dc|dfBf dfBf|dfBf {g}f2 ed| ceAe ceAe|ceAe {f}e2 dc|defd ecBA|E2G2A4|]

De'il among the tailor

Devil Among The Tailors
Devil Among The Tailors
DEVIL/DIVEL/DE'IL AMONG THE TAYLORS/TAILORS [1]. AKA and see "Devil's Dream (1)" (New). Scottish, English, Irish, Canadian, Scotland, American; Reel. Canada, Prince Edward Island. England, Northumberland. A Major (most versions): A Mixlydian (Petrie, Ross): D Major (Huntington). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Balmoral, Hardie, Honeyman, Hunter, Johnson, Kerr, Petrie, Ross, Skinner, Surenne): ABB' (MacDonald, Emmerson): AABB (Bain, Cole, Huntington, Kennedy, Lowe, Raven, Sumner): ABCB (Skye). A popular tune throughout the present and former English commonweatlh and colonies. It was performed on the concert stage as part of a set romantically entitled "Spey's Fury's" by J. Scott Skinner in 1921. "De'il Among the Tailors" is the name of a skittles game—a kind of tabletop pub game—although the game may well have taken its title from the popularity of the fiddle tune. The title appears in Henry Robson's list of popular Northumbrian song and dance tunes, which he published c. 1800. David Johnson (1983), whose version is from Macgoun's Five fashionable Reels (c. 1800), states the tune was written c. 1790. The melody appears as an untitled hornpipe in the music manuscript copybook of John Burks, dated 1821. Unforunately, nothing is known of Burks, although he may have been from the north of England. Bayard collected a version resembling the "Devil's Dream" forms of the tune from a source raised on Prince Edward Island, Canada (Bayard, 1981; Appendix No. 2B, pg. 572). See also "Devil's Dream" for another PEI collected version. In America the tune is almost invariably known by the "Devil's Dream" title (although Ira Ford had it as "Devil Among the Tailors (2) (The)," presumably collected from Missouri fiddlers--see note for that version for more on American sources), while in the British Isles it usually appears under the title in the heading above. Emmerson (1971) suggests the melody can be identified as belonging to a class of melodies with phrases based on a quarter note followed by two eighth notes; tunes in this class also include "Largo's Fairy Dance," "Rachel Rae," and "Wind that Shakes the Barley (The)."

English novelist Thomas Hardy mentions the tune in Absent Mindedness in a Parish Choir, a passage that bears repeating:

...Twas a very dark afternoon, and by the end of the sermon all you could see of the inside of the church were the pa'son's two candles alongside of him in the pulpit, and his spaking face behind 'em. The sermon being ended at last, the pa'son gi'ed out the Evening Hymn. But no quire set about sounding up the tune, and the people began to turn their heads to learn the reason why, and then Levi Limpet, a boy who sat in the gallery, nudged Timothy and Nicholas, and said, "Begin! Begin!" "Hey? what?" says Nicholas, starting up; and the church being so dark and his head so muddled he thought he was at the party they had played at all the night before, and away he went, bow and fiddle, at "The Devil among the Tailors," the favourite jig of the neighborhood at that time. The rest of the band, being in the same state of mind and nothing doubting, followed their leader with all their strength, according to custom. They poured out that there tune till the lower bass notes of "The Devil among the Tailors" made the cobwebs in the roof shiver like ghosts; then Nicholas, seeing nobody moved, shouted out as he scraped (in his usual commanding way at dances when the folks didn't know the figures), "Top couples cross hands! And when I make the fiddle squeak at the end every man kiss his partner under the mistletoe!"

...Then the unfortunate church band came to their senses, and remembered where they were; and 'twas a sight to see Nicholas Puddingcome and Timothy Thomas and John Biles creep down the gallery stairs with their fiddles under arms, and poor Dan'l Hornhead with his serpent, and Robert Dowdle with his claionet, all looking as little as ninepins; and out they went. The pa'son might have forgi'ed 'em when he learned the truth o't, but the squire would not. That very week he sent for a barrel-organ that would play two-and-twenty new psalm-tunes, so exact and particular that, however sinful inclined you was, you could play nothing but psalm-tunes whatsomever. He had a really respectable man to turn the winch, as I said, and the old players played no more...

One of the oddest recreations (recordings?) of the tune is on the barrel organ from the polar expedition of Admiral Parry of 1819. In place of a ship's fiddler (common in those days), Parry introduced a mechanical barrel organ on board ship to provide entertainment and a vehicle to which the men could exercise (i.e. by dancing). "Devil Among the Tailors" was one of eight tunes on barrel no. 5. Perhaps the earliest non-mechanical sound recording is from 1906 by violinist Charles D'Alamaine, born in 1871 in England, who died in 1943. D'Alamaine immigrated to the United States in 1888, and by 1890 had established himself as "instructor on violin" in Evanston, Illinois; by 1910 he had removed to Yonkers, and in 1920 was a chiropractor in New York City (info. from Paul Gifford).

Additional notes

Source for notated version: - the 1823–26 music mss of papermaker and musician Joshua Gibbons (1778–1871, of Tealby, near Market Rasen, Lincolnshire Wolds) [Sumner]; the c. 1800–1802 music manuscript collection of ship's fiddler William Litten, who was with the British East India fleet—the ms. was brought to Martha's Vineyard, Mass., by a member of the Coffin family, who was perhaps a shipmate [Huntington].

Printed sources : - Anonymous (A Companion to the Reticule), 1833. Bain (50 Fiddle Solos), 1989; p. 8. Carlin (English Concertina), 1977; p. 36. Cole (1000 Fiddle Tunes), 1940; p. 18. Emmerson (Rantin' Pipe and Tremblin' String), 1971; No. 49, p. 140. Giblin (Collection of Traditional Irish Dance Music), 1928; 50. Gow (The Beauties of Niel Gow), 1819. Hardie (Caledonian Companion), 1992; p. 36. Honeyman (Strathspey, Reel and Hornpipe Tutor), 1898; p. 7. Hunter (The Fiddle Music of Scotland), 1988; No. 229. Huntington (William Litten's Fiddle Tunes, 1800–1802), 1977; p. 14. Johnson (Scottish Fiddle Music in the 18th Century), 1984; No. 75, p. 225. Kennedy (Fiddler's Tune-Book, vol. 1), 1951; No. 18, p. 9. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 1), c. 1880; Set 6, No. 2, p. 6. Laybourn (Köhler's Violin Repository, vol. 1), 1881; p. 55. J. Kenyon Lees (Balmoral Reel Book), c. 1910; p. 9. Joseph Lowe (Lowe's Collection of Reels, Strathspeys and Jigs, book 3), 1844–1845; p. 2. MacDonald (The Skye Collection), 1887; p. 4. Manson (Hamilton's Universal Tune Book, vol. 1), 1853; p. 37. Moffat (Dance Music of the North), 1908; No. 3, p. 2. Petrie (Third Collection of Strathspey Reels), 1802; p. 18. Raven (English Country Dance Tunes), 1984; p. 170. Edward Riley (Riley’s Flute Melodies vol. 1), New York, 1814, No. 198, p. 52. William Ross (Collection [of] Pipe Music), 1869; No. 177, p. 120. Ryan's Mammoth Collection, 1883; p. 42. Skinner (The Scottish Violinist), p. 29 (with variations). Skinner (Harp and Claymore), 1904; pp. 108–109 (includes variation sets). Stewart-Robertson (The Athole Collection), 1884; p. 11. Sumner (Lincolnshire Collections, vol. 1: The Joshua Gibbons Manuscript), 1997; p. 86 (appears as "Divel Amongst the Taylors"). Surenne (Dance Music of Scotland), 1852; p. 28. Westrop (120 Country Dances ... for the Violin), c. 1923; No. 98.

Recorded sources: -Antilles (Island) AN-7003, Kirkpatrick and Hutchings – "The Compleat Dancing Master" (1973). Beltona BL2128 (78 RPM), The Edinburgh Highland Reel and Strathspey Society (1936). Saydisc SDL 234, Parry's Barrel Organ (vol. 11 in the Golden Age of Mechanical Music). Tradition 2118, Jim MacLeod & His Band – "Scottish Dances: Jigs, Waltzes and Reels" (1979). Topic 12TS280, J. Scott Skinner - "The Strathspey King." "The Caledonian Companion" (1975). "Bob Smith's Ideal Band, Ideal Music" (1977).

See also listings at:
Alan Snyder's Cape Breton Fiddle Recording Index [1]
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]
Alan Ng's [3]
Hear the tune played by accordion player Fredrick "Hiram" Hosie at Rare Tunes [] [4] (followed by "Mason's Apron (The)")

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