Money in Both Pockets (1)

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MONEY IN BOTH POCKETS [1] ("Airgiod Ann Gac Pocad" or "Airgead in Gac Poca"). AKA and see "Trip to Galloway (2)." Scottish, English, Irish, American; (Slow, directs Gow) Jig. England; North-West. D Major (most versions): C Major (O'Neill). Standard tuning (fiddle). AB (Raven): AAB (Gow): AABB (most versions): AABBCC (O'Farrell): AABBCCDD (Petrie). The earliest printings of "Money in Both Pockets" can be found in the Scottish collections of Robert Petrie (1790) and Malcolm MacDonald (third collection, c. 1792), and, in England, in George Willis's Compleat Tutor for the German Flute (London, 1792, printed by Thomas Cahusac).

The dance and tune "Money in Both Pockets" started appearing in American publications and musicians' manuscripts in the 1790's and the early decades of the 19th century. One of the earliest was in Loring Andrews' A Collection of Contra Dances (dance figures only) printed in Stockbridge, Mass., in 1794. The tune was also was entered into the manuscript copybooks of flute player Thomas Molyneaux (Shelburne, Nova Scotia, begun 1788), flute player John Hoff (Lancaster, Penn., c. 1797), William Patten (c. 1800), Abel Shattuck (Mass., c. 1801), Ira Clark (Simsbury, Conn., c. 1801), keyboard player Ann Winnington (New York, c. 1810), and fifer Ebenezer Bevens (Middletown, Conn., c. 1825), among others. In Britain, it was entered into the music manuscript collections of John Fife (who may have been from Perthshire, and who may have spent some time at sea; his ms. was begun around 1780 and entries continued until 1804), William Mittel (New Romney, Kent, c. 1799), William Brown (Romford, England, c. 1797), and Rev. R. Harrison (Temple Sowerby, Cumbria, c. 1815).

It is the same contra dance Johnson prints for the tune "Maid of the Mill (1) (The)." An early American country dance by the same name is printed in Morrison.

Source for notated version: Lefty Head via George Penk (Portland, Oregon) [Songer].

Printed sources: Carlin (The Gow Collection), 1986; No. 355. Christian (A Playford Assembly), 2015; p. 157. Clinton (Gems of Ireland), 1841; No. 182, p. 93. Gow (Third Collection of Niel Gow's Reels), 3rd ed., 1792; p. 30. Johnson (Kitchen Musician No. 8: 28 Country Dances), 1988; p. 7. Johnson (Kitchen Musician No. 16: A Further Collection of Dances, Marches, Minuetts and Duetts of the Latter 18th Century), 1998; p. 11 (arranged as a duet). Kennedy (Fiddler's Tune-Book: Jigs & Quicksteps, Trips & Humours), 1997; No. 121, p. 30. Kerr (Merry Melodies, vol. 1), c. 1880; No. 49, p. 40. Knowles (Northern Frisk), 1988; No. 128. MacDonald (A Third Collection of Strathspey Reels), c. 1792; p. 8. Manson (Hamilton’s Universal Tune Book, vol. 2), 1846; p. 34. Morrison (Twenty-Four Early American Country Dances, Cotillions & Reels, for the Year 1976), 1976; p. 33. O'Farrell (Pocket Companion, vol. 2), c. 1806; p. 152. O'Neill (Music of Ireland: 1850 Melodies), 1903; No. 746, p. 139. O'Neill (Dance Music of Ireland: 1001 Gems), 1907; No. 35, p. 22. Petrie (Collection of Strathspey Reels and Country Dances), 1790; p. 11. Raven (English Country Dance Tunes), 1984; p. 118. Riley (Flute Melodies, vol. 1), 1814; p. 42. Songer (Portland Collection), 1997; p. 138.

Recorded sources: North Star NS0038, "The Village Green: Dance Music of Old Sturbridge Village." The New England Tradition – "The New England Tradition."

See also listings at:
Alan Snyder's Cape Breton Fiddle Recording Index [1]
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index: An Index to Recorded Sources [2]

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