Annotation:Morning Fair Hornpipe

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X: 1 T:Morning Fair Hornpipe. GS.103 T:Rickett's Hp,aka. GS.103 T:Manchester Hp,aka. GS.103 M:2/2 L:1/8 Q:1/2=90 S:George Spencer m/s, Leeds,1831 R:.Hornpipe O:England A:Leeds N:Differs from Rickett's Hp. in the B strain..The name Charles ? is N:written on the stave at the end of the music, N:then crossed out. The missing surname resembles 'Naseby' H:1831 Z:vmp.Cherri Graebe K:D major A2 | dcdA FAdf | edcB A2 ef | gege Bged | dcec Aged |! dcdA FAdf | edcB A2 g2 | fafd Bgec | "1"{c}d2 {c}d2 {c}d2 :|! |: fg | affd dffa | bgge efgb |affe bged | cdBc Agfe |! dcdG FAdf | edcB A2g2 | fafd Bgec | {c}d2 {c}d2 {c}d2 :|

MORNING FAIR HORNPIPE. AKA and see "Hastton's Hornpipe," "Hornpipe (49)," "Manchester Hornpipe (1)," "Pigeon on the Gate (7)," "Rickett's Hornpipe," "Texarkana Hornpipe," "Tomorrow Morning," "Yarmouth Hornpipe." English, Hornpipe. D Major. Standard tuning (fiddle). AABB. The tune was widely popular in the British Isles under a variety of titles and appears in numerous fiddler's manuscripts from the 19th century. Versions appear to have derived from the English "Manchester Hornpipe," although the "Morning Fair" title also appears in fiddlers' manuscripts in England dating to the second or third decades of the 19th century. It was in the G. Huddswell (Leeds, west Yorkshire) manuscript twice (once as "Morning Fair" and again as "Morning Hornpipe"), the George Spencer 1831 manuscript (Leeds, west Yorkshire), and the John Clare manuscript (c. 1820, Helpstone, Northants), all under the "Morning Fair Hornpipe" title. Fiddler John Burk's music manuscript copybook, dated 1821, has the tune as "Hastton's Hornpipe" (nothing is known of Burks, although he may have been from the north of England). Lincolnshire musician Joshua Gibbons included it in his 1823-26 music manuscript book simply as "Hornpipe No. 101," set in the key of 'F' major, and, similarly, a version was entered as an untitled hornpipe into Book 3 of the c. 1883 music manuscript collection of County Leitrim fiddler and piper biography:Stephen Grier (see "Hornpipe (49)"). As "Manchester Hornpipe (1)," it can be found in the 1823-26 music mss of papermaker and musician Joshua Gibbons (1778-1871, of Tealby, near Market Rasen, Lincolnshire Wolds), and by fiddler Lawrence Leadley (Yorkshire) as "Poll of Wapping Hornpipe." Yet another version appears as "Yarmouth Hornpipe" in George H. Watson's (Swanton Abbott, Norfolk) manuscript of 1850-1880. "Rickett's Hornpipe" shares the first strain, but the second strains differ. As "Tomorrow Morning" the tune appears in O'Neill's Music of Ireland (1903).

There appears to be a collision of tune families in "Morning Fair", like two universes passing through one another. The first universe, or tune family, is the "Rickett's/Manchester Hornpipe" tune family and is associated with the "Morning Fair" hornpipes found in Clare and Spencer's manuscripts. The second universe can be traced to perhaps-ur tune "Poll of Wapping" but includes Howe/Ryan's "Morning Fair" hornpipes, along with "Texarkana" and "Tomorrow Morning." The first strains of these tunes have the most similarity, while in the second strains the points of correspondence are more diffused.

Additional notes

Printed sources : - Cole (1000 Fiddle Tunes), 1940; p. 88. Elias Howe (Musician’s Omnibus Nos. 6 & 7), Boston, 1880-1882; p. 624. Lerwick (The Kilted Fiddler), 1985; p. 51. Ryan's Mammoth Collection, 1883; p. 121.

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