Brandy (Le)

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 Theme code Index    1H1H4 1H64
 Also known as    
 Composer/Core Source    
 Region    Canada
 Genre/Style    Québécois/Acadian
 Meter/Rhythm    Country Dance, Reel (6/4 time)
 Key/Tonic of    G
 Accidental    1 sharp
 Mode    Ionian (Major)
 Time signature    3/2, 3/4, 6/4
 History    CANADA(Acadia/French), CANADA(Québec)
 Structure    ABACBA
 Editor/Compiler    Richard Carlin
 Book/Manuscript title    Master Collection of Dance Music for the Violin
 Tune and/or Page number    No. 68, p. 48
 Year of publication/Date of MS    1984
 Artist    Philippe Bruneau
 Title of recording    Philippe Bruneau
 Record label/Catalogue nr.    Philo 2003
 Year recorded    1973
 Score   ()   

BRANDY(, LE). French Canadian, Brandy (3/4 or 3/2 time). D Major: G Major (Hart & Sandell). Standard tuning (fiddle). ABACBA (Carlin): ABCDA'B' (Begin/Bruneau): ABB'A'CDB" (Hart & Sandell). The tune is not a reel as listed in Carlin's Master Collection, but is a fast, driving tune used to accompany stepdancing and longways sets in Québec. The name "Brandy" originally referred to a type of traditional suite or early dance called the Brasnle. French in origin, the brasnle was imported to England in or about the time of Elizabeth I, where the name was Englished as "Brawl." French-Canadian Brandys were derived from English dance sources in the latter half of the 19th century, rather than the original French, and (according to Hart & Sandell) are related to the Scottish Strip the Willow and English Drops of Brandy. Hart & Sandell mention that the tune was recorded three times on 78 RPM by fiddler Isidore Soucy between 1926 and 1931. They also note 'G' is the traditional key for fiddlers to play the tune.

Sources for notated versions: learned by French-Canadian accordion great Philippe Bruneau from William Gagnon (1901-1979, of Chicoutimi, Québec) [Begin]; William Gagnon via fiddler Michel Faubert, via Michel Bordeleau [Hart & Sandell].

Printed source: Begin (Philippe Bruneau), 1993; No. 30, pp. 44-45. Carlin (Master Collection), 1984; p. 48, No. 68. Hart & Sandell (Dance ce Soir), 2001; No. 51, p. 86.

Recorded sources: La Bottine souriante - "Jusqu'aux p'tites heures (1991). Ornstein & Pépin - "Les Danseries de Qué l'autre bord de l'eau" (1986). Philo 2003, "Philippe Bruneau" (1973). Daniel Roy - "Au tour du flageolet" (1996). Voyager 322, Louis Boudreault - "Old Time Fiddler of Chicoutimi, Québec" (1977, 1993).


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