Annotation:Drunken Hiccups (1)

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DRUNKEN HICCUPS [1]. AKA- "Drunkard's Hiccups," "Drunken Hiccoughs." AKA and see "Clinch Mountain," "Cuckoo (5) (The)" (Ford), "Frosty Morning (3)," "Jack of Diamonds (3)," "Lame Beggar (The)" (Ire.), "The Mocking Bird" (Pa.), "My Name is Dick Kelly" (Ire.), "Rye Whiskey (1)," "Livre de Tabac (Un)" (A pound of tobacco), "Way up on Clinch Mountain." Old-Time, Texas Style; Air, Waltz, Jig, and Song Tune (3/4 time). USA; Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas, Arizona. A Major. AEac# (Brody, Jarrell, Reiner & Anick, Shumway): AEae (Ford) tunings. AABCC (Brody, Ford, Thede): AA'BB'CC'DD' (Reiner & Anick, Shumway). Paul Clayton identifies the tune as "old and of English origin," and Samuel Bayard associates it with the Scottish "Toddlin Hame" tune family. Arizona fiddler Kartchner called it a "favorite from the South," and, with the left-hand pizzicato passages (meant to suggest a hiccup), it was often a favorite showcase tune. Bayard (1981) states it was a vocal piece before it was an instrumental one, and identifies the following songs from the British Isles and America as using the tune: "Johnnie Armstrong," "Tod(d)lin' Hame," "Bacach," "Robie Donua Gorach," "Wagoner's Lad (The)," "Clinch Mountain," "Cuckoo (5) (The)," Rye Whiskey (1) <div class="mw-ext-score" data-midi="/w/images/lilypond/m/a/maquk4b7jr5cfdqopv69g4i0xfnek8s/maquk4b7.midi"><img src="/w/images/lilypond/m/a/maquk4b7jr5cfdqopv69g4i0xfnek8s/maquk4b7.png" width="389" height="64" alt=" X:1 M:3/4 L:1/8 K:A c2c2c2|(3BcB A2[A,2E2]|c2c2c2|c3(B AB)| "/></div> "Jack of Diamonds (3)," "Saints Bound for Heaven," "Separation," "John Adkins' Farewell." Instrumental variations from the British Isles he has identified include Drunk at Night and Dry i' the Morning (1) <div class="mw-ext-score" data-midi="/w/images/lilypond/8/z/8zsotjsdkabfuli8u9of68wm7fy2xpg/8zsotjsd.midi"><img src="/w/images/lilypond/8/z/8zsotjsdkabfuli8u9of68wm7fy2xpg/8zsotjsd.png" width="564" height="55" alt=" X:1 M:3/4 L:1/8 K:A {AB}c4 ~B2| c>BA>B c2 | (E2A2) (B/c/d) | (d2c2)B2 | "/></div> (noted variously in 3/4 and 6/8 time) and "Lude's Lament." Two and a half pages of the song can be found in The Oxford Book of Light Verse. In Pennsylvania, recorded Bayard, it was customary for fiddlers to sing the repeated line:

Oh, I will never get drunk anymore!

to the first (or sometimes second) strain. Most American versions include a part that is supposed to suggest hiccups.

I'm a rambler and a gambler a long ways from home,
And them that don't like me can leave me alone.

I'll take up my fiddle and rosin my bow,
I'll make myself welcome wherever I go.

I'll eat when I'm hungry and drink when I'm dry,
If a tree don't fall on me I'll live till I die.

Its beefsteak when I'm hungry and whiskey when I'm dry,
Money when I'm hard up, sweet heaven when I die.

I'll cross the wide ocean my fortune to try,
And when I get over I'll sit down and cry.

It isn't the long journey that troubles me so,
Its leavin' the darlin' I've courted so long.

Hic-cough, O Lawdy, how bad do I feel,
Hic-cough, O Lawdy, how bad do I feel.

Rye whiskey, rye whiskey, you're no friend to me,
You killed my poor daddy, goddam you try me.

Raw whiskey, raw whiskey, raw whiskey, I cry,
Sweet heaven, sweet heaven, whenever I die. ... (Thede)

Rye Whiskey, rye whiskey, rye whiskey I crave,
If I don't get rye whiskey I'll go to my grave.

I eat when I'm hungry, and drink when I'm dry,
And if whiskey don't kill me I'll live till I die. ... (Ford)

Way out on Clinch Mountain I wander alone,
Drunk as the devil and can't find my home.

Oh Lordy, how drunk I do feel {Hic}
Oh Lordy how sleepy I feel. ... (Clayton)

Played cards in England, I've gambled in Spain,
Goin' back to Rhode Island, Gonna' play my last game.

I'll tune up my fiddle, and rosin the bow,
Make myself welcome, wherever I go.

Jack o' diamonds, jack o' diamonds, I know you from old,
Robbed by poor pockets of silver and gold.

Corn whiskey and pretty women, they've been my downfall,
Beat me and they bang me, but I love them for all.

My shoes is all tore up, my toes're stickin out,
Don't get some corn whiskey, I'm agoin' up the spout.

Gonna' beat on the counter, or I'll make the glass ring,
More brandy, more brandy, more brandy to bring.

Gonna' drink I'm gonna' gamble, my money is my own,
Them that don't like me can leave me alone. ... (T. Jarrell)

The melody was recorded for the Library of Congress from Ozarks Mountains fiddlers in the early 1940's by musicologist/folklorist Vance Randolph. It was listed by the Tuscaloosa News of March 28, 1971, as one of the specialty tunes of Tuscalosa, Alabama, fiddler "Monkey Brown," who frequently competed in fiddlers' contests in the 1920's and 30's (Cauthen, 1990), and it was recorded by Herbert Halpert for the Library of Congress in 1939 on two separate occasions by Mississippi fiddlers Charles Long and W.E. Claunch. Mt. Airy, North Carlolina, fiddler Tommy Jarrell knew the melody as a show piece in a repertoire heavy with dance tunes, having learned it from his father, Ben Jarrell (who recorded it with Frank Jenkins in 1927). Ben Jarrell, according to Tommy, had the tune from "old man" Houston Galyen at Low Gap, North Carolina. Magoffin County, east Kentucky, fiddler biography:John Salyer (1882-1952) played a version he called Frosty Morning (3) <div class="mw-ext-score" data-midi="/w/images/lilypond/6/4/64s2usch4u24mrlfwe4tukm4vd5vg2y/64s2usch.midi"><img src="/w/images/lilypond/6/4/64s2usch4u24mrlfwe4tukm4vd5vg2y/64s2usch.png" width="486" height="63" alt=" X:1 M:3/4 L:1/8 K:A AB|Sc2c2 cB|cB A2 EA|c2c2B2|c4 AB| "/></div>

A Cajun tune (in the repertoire of Dewey Balfa) called "Un liver de tabac" (A Pound of Tobacco) is the same melody but employs an entirely different lyric. See also the distanced variant from Alabama fiddler D. Dix Hollis called "None Greater than Lincoln."

Additional notes

Sources for notated versions: - Benny Thomasson (Texas) [Brody]; 'old man' Houston Galyen (Low Gap, N.C.) via Ben Jarrell via his son Tommy Jarrell (Mt. Airy, N.C.) [Reiner & Anick]; Louise and W.S. Collins (Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma) [Thede]; Kenner C. Kartchner (Arizona) [Shumway]; Emery Martin (Dunbar, Pa., 1946) [Bayard]; John Wolford (elderly fiddler from Fayette County, Pa., 1944) [Bayard]; Mary Ann Rogers (elderly fiddler from Greene County, Pa., 1930's) [Bayard].

Printed sources : - Bayard (Dance to the Fiddle), 1981; No. 646, pp. 566-567. Brody (Fiddler's Fakebook), 1983; p. 92. Ford (Traditional Music in America), 1940; p. 126. Reiner & Anick (Old Time Fiddling Across America), 1989; p. 93. Ruth (Pioneer Western Folk Tunes), 1948; No. 17, p. 8. Thede (The Fiddle Book), 1967; pp. 54-55.

Recorded sources: -County 519, Reaves White County Ramblers - "Echoes of the Ozarks, Vol. 2." County 723, Tommy Jarrell - "Down at the Cider Mill" (appears as "Jack of Diamonds"). County 756, Tommy Jarrell (N.C.) - "Sail Away Ladies" (1976). Rounder 0421, Bruce Molsky - "Big Hoedown" (1997. Appears as "Clyde's Hiccups" as version was from Clyde Davenport). Voyager 304, Ora Spiva- "More Fiddle Jam Sessions" (appears as "Rye Whiskey"). County 724, Benny Thomasson (Texas) - "Country Fiddling." Rounder Records, Hobart Smith - "Southern Journey, vol. 6: Sheep, Sheep, Don't You Know the Road" (a reissue of Alan Lomax recordings). Rounder 0361, Bruce Molsky - "Lost Boy" (1996. Learned from Tommy Jarrell). Rounder CD1518, Various Performers - "American Fiddle Tunes" (1971. Played by W.H. Stepp). Tradition Records TLP1007, Hobart Smith - "Instrumental Music of the Southern Appalachians" (1956). Victor 21635 (78 RPM), Jilson Setters [1] (as Blind Bill Day) {b. 1860, Rowan County, Ky.} under the title "Way Up on Cinch Mountain" (1928).

See also listing at:
Jane Keefer's Folk Music Index [2].

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